Accidently Abidextrous or Hands on with the Colt 1903 Pocket Hammer

Today’s guest post on the Colt 1903 Pocket Hammer was written by reader Kyle Smith, who won a StealthGear 1911 holster in our giveaway a couple months ago. He also took some video of the pistol firing and being field-stripped, which it a great addition. Thanks, Kyle!

Accidently Abidextrous, or Hands on with the Colt 1903 Pocket Hammer

by Kyle Smith

The Colt model 1903 pocket hammer is based of of the 1902 sporting model, which is in turn a civilian market variant of the Colt 1900. Like it’s immediate forerunners it is a .38acp chambering, of course not to be confused with the later .38 Super, more on that later. It’s a locked breech design featuring a swinging link much like the 1911. However unlike its progeny this pistol is blessed with dual swinging links; one at the rear of the barrel and the other at the front. Another noticeable difference of this earlier design family is the lack of a barrel bushing, rather the front of the barrel is flared in such a way that as the slide returns to battery it forces the barrel forward and back up into it’s locking notches; not unlike certain sub-compact models of the 1911 today. This brings us at last to one of the biggest features of the arm which is, in my opinion, greatly improved upon in the 1911; the slide of the 1903 is disassembled to the rear of the pistol. This means that with every shot the only real material thing keeping the steel slide and the shooters face from become fast and nigh inseparable friends is a relatively small rectangular pin. This pin is in turn retained by the recoil spring guide and force from the spring itself.

Colt 1903 Pocket Hammer

Field stripping the 1903 is quiet simple, but does not allow you to break the gun down as far as you can with the 1911. First, place the gun on safe, whoops! There’s no safety catch, however the hammer has a very nice half-cock notch and after all half-cock notches have been keeping people safe for centuries now. Second remove the magazine, it’s kept in place by a very effective heel type catch. Next pull back the slide to unsure an empty chamber. No, there’s no way to lock the slide to the rear. Now much like on the later 1911 you must depress the plunger at the muzzle end of the pistol to force back the recoil spring. As this is done the slide retaining pin can be pushed out from either side. Do not drop the pin in the dirt. Do not drop the pin on the hard shop floor, it will bounce away. Place the pin in a place worthy of it’s importance, think of all it does for you. Moving on, the recoil spring is captive and does not come out at this time. Your final operation will be to pull the slide to the rear and off the gun. Re-assembly is conducted in the reverse order. Remember that in order to replace the the slide pin you must depress the recoil spring plunger. Also note that the slide pin as a semi-circular cut on it; this matches the face of the recoil spring guide and helps to hold in in place as the gun is fired. Ensure that it faces to the rear and downward.

Colt 1903 Pocket Hammer Colt 1903 Pocket Hammer

If you need to remove the recoil spring, you most once again depress the plunger. As this is done a pin-punch must be used to remove the forward link pin. While still depressing the plunger, pull the forward end of the barrel up and free of the frame. Now, slowly release pressure on the recoil spring. The plunger, spring guide, and spring will come out with some energy; exercise caution. Reassembly of this portion can be difficult and requires a clean, well lit work area. In short; recoil spring removal should not to be undertaken while afield.

Colt 1903 Pocket Hammer

The particular model we had a chance to examine, was found to have some reliability issues. The greatest of which being a failure to ignite the primer. Upon disassembling the pistol we found that the tip of the firing pin was broken and that the firing pin was in fact bronze. An original, replacement, firing pin was sourced and that greatly improved things. The only remaining issue is the occasional stove pipe which given the gun’s age and lack of replacement parts isn’t a huge issue. The bore on this poor old pistol was quite worn so unfortunately grouping was poor. I feel that with some oversized cast bullets a tighter group could be achieved.

Colt 1903 Pocket Hammer test target

Finally we took the gun into the field on a number of occasions and have come to the opinion that despite it’s name, it’s a bit big and heavy for pocket carry. That said, for its era this would really be an excellent arm. While not a pocket arm its size is not prohibitive to carry concealed, and I would have a lot more faith in the .38 ACP cartridge then some of the many much smaller auto pistol rounds then available. We found that the .38 ACP would penetrate between 2.5 to 3 inches in a 6×6 cedar block. The old .32 ACP (fired from a Savage 1907) managed 2 inches at the most. Even after the introduction of the .45ACP 1911, it’s my opinion that the 1903 pocket hammer would have been a valid option. It definitely seems to fill the gap between pretty anemic pocket autos and the big 1911.

7 Comments

  1. Thanks Mr. Kyle, neat gun, cool video. Many (forty plus) years ago I got to handle, but not fire, one of the pre-1911 Colt automatics. I recall being surprised that it was not at all as awkward or clunky as it looks to modern eyes. Question: what was the range of the group shown above?

  2. Colt Model 1903 Pocket hammer is not bad pistol, but not very “pocket” as stated, additionally many pocket pistols were introduced simultaneously: Colt Model 1903 Hammerless (.32 ACP), FN Model 1903 (9×20 Browning Long), Colt Pocket Positive revolver (.32S&W Long; produced from 1905). Browning himself later developed weaker .38 cartridges for blow-back pistol – 9×20 for Husqvarna m/1907 pistol and .380 Auto.
    I suppose that the “filling the gap between pretty anemic pocket autos and the big 1911” may be a reason to unpopularity of this pistol – if you want small concealed pistol you have accepted the weaker round – if you want more powerful pistol you have accepted bigger size.

  3. Steyr 1912 disassembles same way, as construction is remarkably similar other then being rotating barrel vs swinging barrel design.

    • Though Steyr 1912 field stripping starts same as Colt 1903, its differs as continiouing taking the slide over
      the barrel after reaching to the end of frame guıde rails.
      Its dismounting is more and more stronger and safer.

  4. Interestingly, Browning/Colt Pistol of 1906 contesting
    in Government Tests, accepted superior to the other
    contestant, Savage 1907, with this crude and dangereous
    dismountlng process against to the rival arm’s more secure
    and strong field stripping. Positive application could
    only be provided by clever Colt engineers on 1910 and 1911
    models which also patented to the name of Browning.

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