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The Vault

Ljungman AG-42B

The AG-42 was the first semiauto rifle adopted by the Swedish army, as well as the first production rifle to use a direct gas impingement operating system. Today we’re taking a closer look at the Ljungman – how it operates and how to disassemble it. Enjoy!

28 comments to Ljungman AG-42B

  • Turk

    I’ve heard that this is a pretty sweet firearm to shoot. 6.5×55 is a marvelous caliber, and I’ve always wanted to get some trigger time on one. I owned an 8mm Egyptian Hakim, which is to all intents and purposes the same gun, and it had pretty surprisingly mild recoil. The counter intuitive bolt operation was kind of daunting at first, and I’ve NEVER owned a rifle that chucked brass farther away. almost dead forward, and a good 30 feet!!!!

  • Hrachya Hayrapetyan

    I assume that it won’t be very convenient to shoot rapidly, because the action is actually open and gases from intensive fire may blow to the shooter’s face or at least make aiming harder. I would ask guys who own one of these guns and have done rapid firing (say … one mag at once) to comment on my guess and share their experience.

  • Mike Halvorsen

    I’ve only fired one once, but it was delightfully reliable and very accurate, with what I would call negligable recoil. But, yes, it throws your brass a good 5-10 meters forward,and the bolt does take some getting used to, but I never had a problem with gas blowback. (and I was firing VERY rapidly as a test)

  • swede1986

    Nicely done! I love these videos and the AG-42B holds a special place in my heart.

    BTW, the “L” is silent in Ljungman.

  • AZRon

    I bought one of these back in the mid 70′s. It was the first semi-auto rifle that I had ever owned. I had to go to 3 different gun shops before I found a box of Norma 6.5×55 ammunition.
    About 3/4 of the way through my first box of ammo, I encountered a surprising BOOM that sent the magazine floorplate, follower and spring 20 yards downrange. I couldn’t see any obvious damage to the rifle, but I hung it up for the day.
    One of the other guys at the range made me an offer on it, and I sold it to him. (I was still a little shaken)
    That’s one sale that I still regret.

  • John D. Dingell III

    Also had one of these back when 6.5x55mm ammo was hard to get. Loaded up some cast bullets with a mild load of IMR 3031 which had worked well in a Norwegian Krag because I was having trouble finding my brass with full house jacketed bullet loads. Wound up with surplus bullet lube all over my face from the gas system. Fortunately, I was wearing good shooting glasses. After about five rounds I could not see the sights! You can feel the gas from the gas system wash over your face when you fire these rifles.

  • Tony

    As swede1986 said the L in Ljungman is silent, also a swedish pronounced j is more like and english/american y. So try Yungman :)

    Also the sight should be marked in meters not yard, a yard is about 0.91 meter. So over a few hundred meters the difference would be significant.

    anyway some irrelevant info Ljung means Heather (plant).


  • Doug

    I own one of these and have shot it several times… its a rifle designed before it’s time.
    This is one smooth shooter and very accurate with minimal recoil. Guess you could say it was the AR-15 of it’s day.. Not totally the best all around gun but one with unique operating features that you could get use to first time on the firing range.
    Only issues is finding parts such as magazines, stripper clips and the ammo is a little on the pricey side …

  • ethan

    I own one of these fine rifles and find they were vastly superior to the other semi-autos of their day such as the Garand. Virtually recoil free due to the muzzle brake and the gas action. Paid $60.00 many years ago, wondering what their value is today.

  • john

    A fine job of describing this fine firearm! I have tried a couple of rifles well known in any circle for hunting purposes… But the Ljungman has fast become my favorite to date. It is easy to maintain and the newer lubricants have saved me from malfunction in the cold weather. The 6.5×55 round is close to a .270 for hunting and it isn’t too expensive here (about $10 less per box of 20 than .308 or .303). It shoots flat and fast. I like the open sights and the ease of dialing in for distance too.

  • Roger Hunter

    I bought one of these rifles about 30 years ago when I was into collecting rifles with unique actions. The $140 sticker price is still on it, and it shows little wear for its age. I’ve never fired it, but there is a time and place for everything, and being retired leaves me the time.

    Before I bought the rifle I spoke with a Ljunman expert, who explained all the proof markings and what to look for before purchasing one. Mine had all the markings, and that was all I cared about at the time.

    Now I would like to know the history and sequence of proof markings, since my interest has expanded over the years to include the history of each gun’s development. Are there any reference books that our National Library could have either hard copy or microfiche that anyone knows of so I can do further research on this subject (that’s “Canadian National Archives”, but they often can get other research organizations to augment their resources).

    That last proof-mark was critical according to the expert I talked to, because the earlier models did experience failures so the Swedish Government stepped in and established the proofing requirement that was to their satisfaction.



  • Tony

    I realized while looking for scope mounts on another surplus rifle, that I have a Ljungman in my safe I’ve had for over 20 years. It’s in the back and apparently long forgotten. I pulled it out and remembered I also have a bayonet with scabbard and leather holder as well as a field kit. Seems I’ve been sitting on a small gold mine for years as I haven’t seen one advertised with all the accessories. I’m curious now how much the whole thing is worth? The rifle is a 1945 version with all matching numbers. The stock appears to never have been refinished and looks like they pulled it right from service and send it overseas. Thoughts from anyone? Thanks!!

  • Richiev8

    Picked ups ag42 for$800 . Construction is excellent. Can’t wait to shoot rifle. Will post results

  • beeker77

    Thinking of putting my Ljungman on the auction market, after disappointments with perfecting an ideal handload for it. But she’s a beauty and fun to shoot; near-new condition wood and metal. I’ll miss her.

  • Sven

    The AG-42(non -B) were also mounted(reused) on the Bofors 90mm RCL AntiTank gun for firing tracers to verfy distance/sighting.

    Iirc ithe AG-42 was mounted sideways here, and I remember problems with the wire spring, as well as mags not feeding properly.


  • George

    I just bought a beautiful AG-42B in incredible condition. It came with a box of match ammo and shoots very smoothly and very accurate. I am a big fan (and armorer/builder) of AR platform rifles and to find the guns that basically started it all (gas impingement system) is really cool. If anyone knows where I can find accessories for this rifle I would appreciate a shout out. Thank you for a great video and all the interesting informative comments.

  • DJ Arens

    Looking for a mag for this gun, any suggestions?

    Ljungman AG-42B

    • I would keep an eye on GunBroker auctions – but you can also use a Hakim magazine. It probably won’t be quite as reliable as a proper Ljungman mag, but it should work pretty well.

  • Jeremy Garner

    I truly enjoy your videos. A wonderful job describing this unique weapon. The only thing I can see that you missed and that I didn’t see already brought up in the comments section was that a major part of the upgrade to the b variant was the addition of a stainless steel gas tube.

  • Bob Lewis

    I believe that this video was the finest produced and narrated video I have ever seen. Thank you very much and I’ve added a new favorite site under my favorites. I’ve always loved Swedish weapons and believe their quality is matched by few if any. I currently own 6 different models. As for value, I purchased a AG642B Ljunman this week for $850 off of Guns of America (wish I could speak so highly of them). It is in the finest condition of virtually any used weapon I have purchased. Beautiful wood, 90 to 95% finish and I would say that it on par or exceeds any military weapon of that time. If the chance arises to buy one, don’t think about it, just do it. You will not be disappointed. Again, very well done video, the instructor did an outstanding job!!

  • Tony

    I recently purchased an AG42b (in Canada) and searching the web I see a lot of different opinions on what ammo to use (and not to use!). Does anyone have experience?

  • Ken

    I had to sell a few guns and ended up without a deer rifle so I took a Ljungman that I had, with a damaged stock, and refitted it to an unneeded bolt-action wood stock that had no other purpose. I have a box of older Lapua ammo that I don’t want to use, and some used, foreign, brass that I was thinking about reloading. Thoughts about loads? Would consider selling said rifle with mounted Burris scout scope, in order to get something more conventional. Have already fired foreign ammo and am pleased with accuracy.

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