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Hudson .30 Cal Machine Gun Toolroom Model (Video)

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Robert F Hudson developed a series of machine guns for the US Navy during the 1920s and 1930s, including this .30 caliber example as well as .50 caliber and 1.1 inch versions. What makes these guns unusual is both the attempted use of a counter-balanced system to eliminate felt recoil and also the standard […]

Magazine for an XM19 SPIW Flechette Rifle

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XM-19 magazine (right) with AR-15 magazine for scale

The XM-19 was one of a series of Special Purpose Infantry Weapon (SPIW) prototype designs in the 1960s and 70s – a project which was attempting to increase the hit probability of infantry weapons. Several different approaches were tried to this end, including firing multiple cartridges […]

Thompson SMG in 30 Carbine (Video)

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When the US military released a request for what would become the M1 Carbine in 1940, the Auto-Ordnance Corporation offered up a Thompson submachine gun simply rechambered for the new .30 Carbine cartridge. This entailed a new magazine, a receiver modified for the longer magazine, and a new barrel and bolt face – but […]

Early Pistol Cartridges – What, When & Why?

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In a recent discussion with a friend the topic of early automatic pistol cartridges came up. Specifically, looking at the context of which cartridges were actually available at which times, and how this might provide helpful context for understanding why particular cartridges were adopted (or commercially successful) or were not.I decided to see if I […]

Great Article on the Dror LMG

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Terry Edwards has graciously offered to let me repost the excellent article he wrote for Small Arms Defense Journal. It’s a two part PDF, and I have posted both parts below.

If you are interested in this little-known developmental side track of the Johnson LMG, you should definitely have a look – and the same […]

Q&A #7 Video

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Another set of questions from my awesome Patreon contributors!

0:43 – Guns flexing in slow motion 3:41 – Destructives Devices – the guns vs the ammo 9:54 – What makes some stocked pistols exempt from the NFA? 14:41 – Unusual things build into rifle stocks 17:36 – Best rifle/pistol that never was (sort […]

Johnson Model 1941 Rifle

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Designed in 1936 by Melvin Johnson, the M1941 Johnson Automatic Rifle was a competitor to the M1 Garand, but not introduced in time to actually be adopted din place of the Garand. Instead, Johnson hoped to have his rifle accepted as a parallel second option for the US military in case something went wrong […]

Remington Model 81 Special Police

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The Remington Model 8 was one of the first successful self-loading rifles introduced to the commercial market, and it was designed by none other than John Browning. It was an expensive rifle, but popular for its power and reliability. In the 1920s, an entrepreneur founded the Peace Officer Equipment Company to sell police gear […]

Gas Trap M1 Garand

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The original design of the M1 Garand as adopted in 1936 used a “gas trap” system instead of a gas port drilled in the barrel. This system used a type of muzzle cap and false muzzle to redirect gas into the gas cylinder in the short distance between the end of the rifled barrel […]

USMC Winchester Model 70 Sniper

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This Winchester M70 was a rifle owned by the Captain of the Camp Pendleton rifle team, and as such it is an excellent authentic example of the US sniper rifle of the early Vietnam era. It is chambered for the .30-06 cartridge, with a Winchester heavy target barrel and shorter stock. The scope is […]